Can a US citizen register a .ca domain?
Unfortunately, not unless they meet the Canadian Presence requirement policy set by CIRA;
It could also be a good extension for the state of California, but .CA is a country code Top Level Domain name extension (ccTLD) for our beautiful country of Canada.
Yes you can try to find ways to register a .ca domain names like using another person who meets this criteria, but you would depend on that party for any decision to be made for these domain names. It would not be a good investment if you can not control your domain name as you wish.
Also, .ca domain names are specific for Canada. And if you really want to advertise in Canada, it is better you meet one of those criteria for the domain to be useful anyways.
There is a compliance process started if the domain name is registered by parties that falls out of these categories. Described as per the document listed on CIRA web site:
Highlights from CIRA Canadian Presence Requirement Policy:
.CA domain names are for only the individuals, companies or organizations that meets Canadian Presence requirements.
Canadian Presence Requirements. On and after November 8, 2000 only the following individuals and entities will be permitted to apply to CIRA (through a CIRA certified registrar) for the registration of, and to hold and maintain the registration of, a .ca domain name:
1 Canadian citizen.
2 Permanent resident. A permanent resident of Canada
who is ordinarily resident in Canada and of the age of majority.
3 Legal representative. An executor, administrator or other legal representative of a Person listed in paragraph 1 and 2 above;
4 Corporation. A corporation under the laws of Canada or any province or territory of Canada;
5 Trust. A trust established and subsisting under the laws of a province or territory of Canada, more than 66.6% of whose trustees meet one of the conditions set out in paragraphs (1) to (4) above;
6 Partnership. A partnership, more than 66.6% of whose partners meet one of the conditions set out in paragraphs (1) to (5) above, which is registered as a partnership under the laws of any province or territory of Canada;
7 Association. An unincorporated organization, association or club:
(a) at least 80% of whose members: (A) are ordinarily resident in Canada (if such members are individuals); or (B) meet one of the conditions set out in paragraphs (1) to (6) above (if such members are not individuals); and
(b) at least 80% of whose directors, officers, employees, managers,
administrators or other representatives are ordinarily resident in Canada;
8 Trade union. A trade union which is recognized by a labour board under the laws of Canada or any province or territory of Canada and which has its head office in Canada;
9 Political party. A political party registered under a relevant electoral law of Canada or any province or territory of Canada;
10 Educational institution. Any of the following:
11 a university or college which is located in Canada and which is authorized or recognized as a university or college under an Act of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada; or
a college, post-secondary school, vocational school, secondary school, pre-school or other school or educational institution which is located in Canada and which is recognized by the educational authorities of a province or territory of Canada or licensed under or maintained by an Act of Parliament of Canada or of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada;
12 Library, Archive or Museum. An institution, whether or not incorporated, that:
(a) is located in Canada; and
(b) is not established or conducted for profit or does not form part of, or is not administered or directly or indirectly controlled by, a body that is established or conducted for profit, in which is held and maintained a collection of documents and other materials that is open to the public or to researchers;
13 Hospital. A hospital which is located in Canada and which is licensed, authorized or approved to operate as a hospital under an Act of the legislature of a province or territory of Canada;
14 Her Majesty the Queen. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second and her successors;
15 Indian band. Any Indian band as defined in the Indian Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-5, as amended from time to time, and any group of Indian bands;
16 Aboriginal Peoples. Any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to Canada, any individual belonging to any Inuit, First Nation, Metis or other people indigenous to Canada and any collectivity of such Aboriginal peoples;
17 Government. Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, a province or a territory; an agent of Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, of a province or of a territory; a federal, provincial or territorial Crown corporation, government agency or government entity; or a regional, municipal or local area government;
18 Trade-mark registered in Canada. A Person which does not meet any of the foregoing conditions, but which is the owner of a trade-mark which is the subject of a registration under the Trade-marks Act (Canada) R.S.C. 1985, c.T-13 as amended from time to time, but in this case such permission is limited to an application to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact
word component of that registered trade-mark; or
14 Official marks. A Person which does not meet any of the foregoing conditions, but which is a Person intended to be protected by Subsection 9(1) of the TradeMarks Act (Canada) at whose request the Registrar of Trade-marks has published notice of adoption of any badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark
pursuant to Subsection 9(1), but in this case such permission is limited to an application to register a .ca domain name consisting of or including the exact word component of such badge, crest, emblem, official mark or other mark in respect of which such Person requested publications.
For the purposes of this policy:
(a) “ordinarily resident in Canada” means an individual who resides in Canada for more than 183 days in the twelve month period immediately preceding the date of the applicable application for registration of the .ca domain name or sub-domain name and in each twelve month period thereafter for the duration of the domain
name registration; and
(b) “Person” includes an individual, a corporation, a partnership, a trust, an unincorporated organization, association or club, the government of a country or any political subdivision thereof, or any agency or department of any such